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Arab Genomic Studies
Neurological Brain Disorders

Authors: Sami Bizzari, Pratibha Nair, Abdul Rezzak Hamzeh, Stephany El-Hayek

 

Introduction: The brain is the part of the central nervous system which controls body activities through a complex network of nerves. Disorders of the brain typically include physical injury, cancer or other neurological conditions, and they can arise from trauma, genetic mutations....

 

Alzheimer Disease: Alzheimer Disease (AD) is an incurable and permanent brain disorder that worsens with age. It is caused by the progressive loss of nerve cells in the brain. AD makes up approximately 70% of cases of dementia, a general term used for brain disorders....

 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder of the brain that is characterized by the cardinal signs of impulsiveness, inattention, and/or hyperactivity. Normally, this condition is identified in school-age children....

 

Intellectual Disability: Intellectual disability (ID), previously referred to as mental retardation, encompasses a broad range of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by limited intellectual and adaptive capabilities. Learning, social, conceptual, communication....

 

Schizophrenia: Schizophrenia is a disorder of the brain which affects the way people think, behave and perceive the world around them. This is a long-term condition that usually begins in late adolescence or early adulthood. The condition is linked to structural and functional....

 

Tourette Syndrome: Tourette Syndrome (TS) was first described by Georges Gilles de la Tourette in 1885. It is a neurological behavioral disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics, which occur suddenly and are usually fast and repetitive. Examples of motor tics...

 

Facilities and Resources for Neurological Brain Disorders in the Arab World